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On April 1868, Emperor tevoros II of Ethiopia committed suicide with a pistol given to him by Queen Victoria, so that he did not have to surrender to the invading British army.
British officer drew a picture before the emperor\'s death, and then cut off two locks hair from his head.
Hair has been collected for 60 years at the National Army Museum in London.
It was sent back to Ethiopia on Wednesday.
This is an important and sensitive moment.
\"Tewodros are seen by many esbia as the father of the country,\" said Ababi Demissie, spokesman for the embassy in London.
But the return of the hair is also a simple case in the broader debate at the European Museum on how to deal with the remains that were removed without the consent of the country of origin.
The others are more complicated.
\"Many objects considered to be ethnographic projects are actually considered to be people\'s grandparents,\" said Christoph Balzar, PhD in art history at the University of Bonn, Germany, on the phone.
For example, he said, consider a belt made of human hair. “What is that? Is it remains? Is it not? ” he asked.
\"You can destroy the collection of the museum with a definition.
\"In the debate surrounding the restoration of the original state at the European Museum, the treatment of human remains is considered an area of steady development.
The museum says showing bones and artifacts helps to understand the scientific development of world culture and the whole history.
But some were taken away from indigenous groups.
Last year, a report commissioned by French President Emmanuel Macron suggested the return of artifacts to Africa, highlighting France\'s plans to return the skull of Moroccan resistance fighters occupied during the country\'s reign
It also referred to the action taken by the European Museum to return well-preserved, tattooed Maori heads to New Zealand and to return the bones of indigenous peoples slaughtered by the German colonial forces to Namibia.
However, the report focuses only on the narrow definition of the body or body part of a person who has lived.
But not everything that is respected comes from bones or tissues. Churingas —
Works of art created by the now Australian aranren
An example of such a project, Sir. Balzar said.
He explained that chulingas or the \"wood of the soul\" was created after the pregnant woman first felt the movement within the womb and that they were almost seen as \"the soul of the child \". ”The father-to-
Go where his partner feels exercise and find an item
stone, a piece of wood
It is said that the soul was dropped when it entered the uterus.
That thing turned into chulinga.
\"In my opinion, they are human remains . \"Balzar said.
Most of the major European museums are rich in collections.
Balzar said he added that if there was one, he thought there was very little to show.
Some museums are trying to return them.
Gilbert loupver, head of national art collection research and scientific cooperation in Dresden, Germany, said in an email that his museum was discussing with the Australian government the return of its church.
Laura van brokhoven, curator of the Pitt River Museum in Oxford, UK, said in a telephone interview that the museum is drafting a policy to return similar items.
\"We often invite indigenous people to museums, and we often see things that look like things more than that: they are ancestors,\" she said.
They are souls.
\"It can be very emotional for people who see their ancestors again,\" she added . \". Ms.
Van Broekhoven says some museums have long been aware of the problem.
She used to work at the National Museum of World Culture in the Netherlands, and she said that a shaman from the Wayana people, in the present Suriname, once came to see the olok, a feather headdress used for ceremonies.
Wayana thinks it\'s a person, she said.
The shaman speaks and sings to the headdress, spills water on it, and blows smoke to the headdress.
Later, he asked the museum to treat it the same way.
Van brohoven said.
\"And he said to me, \'Laura, would you stay if I invited you to my house, but I did not feed you, did not speak to you, and did not give you water?
The Pitt River Museum is also reviewing its policy on how to show more visible human remains.
She said one of its most popular display cases shows how different cultures treat enemies killed in combat.
It includes a reduced head made by Shuar and Ashuar, now an indigenous people in Ecuador and Peru.
Some tourists call the case an \"abnormal performance \".
Van Broekhoven said, so the museum is reviewing the exhibition to inform visitors of the practice of headhunters.
Daniel Antoine, curator of bioarchaeology at the British Museum, said by phone that discussions on human remains may have to be extended to photos and 3D-Print object.
He said he was involved in a project a few years ago, which included 4,000-year-
The old mummy from the Nile Valley was then recreated with a 3D printer with a amulet placed on the body.
\"We need to show this with the same care, respect and dignity as human remains,\" he added . \".
The British Museum has collected 5,320 remains, including items such as well-preserved Maori head tattoos.
But it also has groups that think it is almost a sacred object of human beings.
Last year, the Chilean government said it wanted to return a regulation called \"Hoa hakananaia\" to Rapa Nui, an indigenous people on the island of Easter Festival.
Paz Zarate, a lawyer working on the campaign, said by phone this week that the statue is a spiritual object that Rapa Nui considers to be a living object.
The case of the National Army Museum, which decided to return the emperor\'s hair, seemed simple.
But even the obvious body parts are not always considered human remains.
The British government passed the Organic Law on the human body in 2004 to help the museum return its remains. The Act excludes hair or nails from the living.
Claire Blackshaw, a spokesman for the National Army Museum, said the museum had collected some fingers and toes and cut them off from a frozen man.
\"But he\'s still alive,\" she added, \"so we don\'t think they\'re still alive. ”Mr.
Embassy spokesman dee said the country plans to return other items, including the remains of the son of Tewodros buried in Windsor Castle chapel.
The country is also looking for artifacts taken from the Emperor\'s fortress.
These include 11 copies of the ark currently in the British Museum.
None of these treasures are human. Demissie said.
But, he added, \"they are sacred things.
We asked them to come back.
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